USB-RS232 Converter

Many new computers now only has USB port, and this serial to USB adapter might be the only help for old devices that provides only RS232/COM Port. This serial adapter uses FT232 USB-RS232  converter IC from FTDI (Future Technology Devices International).  The main features of this USB serial adapter chip are: 384 byte receive buffer / 128 byte transmit buffer […]

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RS232 to RS485 Converter

RS485 interface gives some more benefits compared to RS232: simplicity and the robustness for long distance transfer. RS485 is simpler because it uses only two wire (or a single pair) to carry out the data in bidirectional manner, using RS232, we need 3 wires at minimum to carry the data bidirectionally. RS485 cable length can be as long as 1.2 […]

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Single Input to Differential Input Adapter for Digital Voltmeter

I some cases, a differential input is needed for voltage measurement. Using the only one operational amplifier, you can build an adapter to provide a floating input for your ground-referenced  voltmeter. Use 1% tolerance metal film resistor for R1 and R2.  Adjust VR1 to give zero voltage output when the input probe is shorted.  You can use voltage supply +Ub […]

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